the Championship Season!
March means championships—and lots of them! PVS athletes
of all ages have been working hard and gearing-up for these meets all
season. There will definitely be some fast times and memorable races
this month! We need you to make the meets a success for our swimmers.
Championship meets require championship officiating—can we count
on your help?
Spring Championship Meets
course season culminates with several championship meets this month,
one of which will afford officials the opportunity to be evaluated for
National certification. While walk-ons are always welcome, it is especially
helpful to have the roster completed before the meet. If you know if
and when you can help, please go online and submit an application to
Senior Championships will be held March 7-10 at George Mason
University. Officials wishing to work at this meet should submit the
found on the PVS website. You must apply no later than March 1
for specific deck positions. However, late applications and walk-ins
are also welcome and will be assigned to available positions.
PVS Senior Championships will be an “Officials Qualifying
Meet,” offering the opportunity for formal evaluation at both
the N2 and N3 levels. Any official interested in being evaluated at
this championship meet must apply in advance. Our lead evaluator for
this meet will be Paul Maker. Paul is an experienced official who has
held many leadership positions in USA Swimming.
Concurrent with Senior Champs, PVS
Junior Championships will likewise be held March 7-10 at George
Mason University. Officials wishing to work at this meet should submit
found on the PVS website. You must apply no later than March 1
for assigned deck positions. This meet is separate from Senior Champs
and is held under a separate sanction, although the finals sessions
will be swum combined with the finals of Senior Champs.
On the following weekend, March 14-17, PVS
14 & Under Junior Olympic Championships will be held at the
University of Maryland. Officials wishing to work at this meet should
submit the application
found on the PVS website. You must apply no later than March 8
for specific deck positions. Once again, late applications and walk-ins
are welcome and will be assigned to available positions.
Uniform for Championship Meets
The PVS Officials Committee has established a standard uniform for PVS
Championship meets: white polo shirt over navy blue shorts, trousers,
or skirt for Prelims; light blue oxford shirt over navy blue trousers
or skirt for Finals.
You Make the Call
a 200-yard freestyle event, a swimmer asks the referee if he can swim
the backstroke. The referee replies that he can but that the time can
only be used as a freestyle time. At the referee’s long whistle
the swimmer enters the water to do a backstroke start. The referee signals
to the starter that the field is his and the starter starts the race.
Was this correct?
See the answer at the bottom of this newsletter.
Yes, It’s Confusing!
In recent years USA Swimming has increased the requirements to serve
as a deck official at its swim meets. And since each of these requirements
has a different expiration date, it can be confusing to keep track of
are four requirements to serve on deck as a PVS official:
- PVS (or other LSC) Certification, Article 102.10.2
- USA Swimming Membership, Article 202.3.3
- Criminal Background Check, Article 502.6.1, Article 502.6.3
- Athlete Protection Training Course, Article 502.6.1, Article
You can view the expiration dates for each of these requirements
on your online certification card. Simply sign-in to your account on
the USA Swimming website, and under “Member Resources” choose
“Officials Tracking System.” Then click “My Certification
B/C is your Criminal Background
Check expiration date; Reg is USA Swimming
registration; APT stands for Athlete Protection
Training course. PVS certification for each position is also indicated
on this card.
Keep track of these expiration dates. Please remember that
you are not permitted to work on deck as an official unless all four
are current and up-to-date.
The 15-Meter Rule
all know that, in the Freestyle, Backstroke, and Butterfly, a swimmer
may be submerged at the start and after each turn, provided that the
swimmer’s head surfaces by the 15 meter mark. Why was that
rule established? It was after the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul. David
Berkoff, of the U.S. developed a technique in backstroke that enabled
him to dolphin-kick underwater on his back until well past the 35-meter
mark. He would disappear at the start and reappear a body length ahead
of the rivals almost at the end of the first length. He arrived in Seoul
as world record holder and favorite for the 100m Backstroke. However,
Daichi Suzuki of Japan had been practicing the technique in secret,
and beat Berkoff at his own game. Fearing a race in which all eight
finalists would spend much of the race out of sight, FINA, the world
governing body, adopted the rule to require the swimmer to surface no
more than 15 meters from the wall out of starts and turns.
a Meet Outside Our LSC - by Morgan Hurley
While every USA Swimming sanctioned meet follows the same set of rules,
many local swimming committees (LSCs) run their meets differently than
we do in PVS. Working at a meet outside PVS can provide a great opportunity
to see how other LSCs operate, and in the process learn from the experience.
We’re fortunate to have several other LSCs within close proximity
(Maryland Swimming, Virginia Swimming, and Middle Atlantic Swimming,
to name a few.) Their meets can be within a relatively short drive -
in some cases at the same pools where PVS-sanctioned meets are held!
Links to all LSC websites can be found at http://www.pvswim.org/pvs_link.htm#lsc.
Higher-level meets (zone, sectional, or national-level meets)
also provide excellent learning opportunities for those who hold the
appropriate national certifications. Travel assistance is available;
Do you have a question about officiating or a tip you’d like to
share? Is there a rule that you’d like to have clarified? Do you
have a suggestion for a future item in this newsletter? If so, please
send your questions/comments to the newsletter editor, Jack
Where Are They Now?
Last month we updated some of the male Olympians. This month let’s
catch up with some of our female Olympians.
- Shirley Babashoff: One of the
top U.S. swimmers at the 1976 Games, Shirley was often described as
a “sore loser” by the media because of her public accusations
of drug cheating by the East German swimmers. It was later proven
that many East German athletes were using performance-enhancing drugs.
She still won 8 medals over two Olympics. She now works for the U.S.
Postal Service and lives in Southern California.
- Tracy Caulkins: Tracy won three
gold medals in 1984. Certainly the most versatile swimmer that has
ever represented the USA, she set American records in all four strokes
over a range of distances as well as in several IM events. Tracy is
married with three children and lives in Australia.
- Janet Evans: 5-time Olympic
medalist of the 1988 and 1992 Games, Janet was known for her unorthodox
“windmill” stroke and her apparently inexhaustible cardio-respiratory
reserves. She is a motivational speaker, swim clinician, and author.
She lives in Laguna Beach, CA with her husband and two children.
- Jenny Thompson: Jenny won 12
medals (8 of them gold), swimming in four Olympic Games. She earned
a medical degree in 2006 from Columbia University. She is married
and is currently an anesthesiologist in Portland, Maine. Her childhood
hometown of Dover, NH has a public swimming pool named in her honor.
- Amy Van Dyken: Amy was a 6-time
Olympic Gold medalist. She coached swimming for several years but
now works in broadcasting. She was the morning drive-time host on
a Phoenix radio station as a part of “Chris and Amy in the Morning.”
Currently she is the co-host of Fox Sports Radio’s Fox Sports
Tonight. She is married to former NFL punter, Tom Rouen.
- Summer Sanders: Summer won
three medals in the 1992 Olympics. She now works in broadcasting and
is married with two children (you can often see them on the USA Swimming
website). She is also a UNICEF Goodwill ambassador.
Resolution to ‘You Make
No. In the freestyle events the forward start must be used. However,
as the starter and referee allowed the swimmer to start in the water,
the swimmer cannot be disqualified for starting in the water.